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FMCSA CSA Driver Fitness Violation Severity Chart

Controlled Substance Alcohol Vehicle Maintenance/Cargo Securement Unsafe Driving Hazmat Fatigued Driving/HOS

CSMS Driver Fitness BASIC Violations

Section Violation Description Shown on Driver/Vehicle Examination Report Given to CMV Driver after Roadside Inspection Violation Group Description Violation Severity Weight Violation in the DSMS (Y/N)
177.816 Driver training requirements General Driver Qualification 4 N
383.21 Operating a CMV with more than one driver's license License-related: High 8 Y
383.21(a) Operating a CMV with more than one driver's license License-related: High 8 Y
383.23(a)(2) Operating a CMV without a CDL License-related: High 8 Y
383.23(c) Operating on learner's permit without CDL holder License-related: High 8 Y
383.23(c)(1) Operating on learner's permit without CDL holder License-related: High 8 Y
383.23(c)(2) Operating on learner's permit without valid driver’s license License-related: High 8 Y
383.51(a) Driving a CMV (CDL) while disqualified License-related: High 8 Y
383.51A-NSIN Driving a CMV while CDL is suspended for a non-safety-related reason and in the state of driver's license issuance. License-related: Medium 5 Y
383.51A-NSOUT Driving a CMV while CDL is suspended for a non-safety-related reason and outside the state of driver's license issuance. License-related: Low 1 Y
383.51A-SIN Driving a CMV while CDL is suspended for a safety-related or unknown reason and in the state of driver's license issuance. License-related: High 8 Y
383.51A-SOUT Driving a CMV while CDL is suspended for safety-related or unknown reason and outside the driver's license state of issuance. License-related: Medium 5 Y

383.91(a) Operating a CMV with improper CDL group License-related: High 8 Y
383.93(b)(1) No double/triple trailer endorsement on CDL License-related: High 8 Y
383.93(b)(2) No passenger vehicle endorsement on CDL License-related: High 8 Y
383.93(b)(3) No tank vehicle endorsement on CDL License-related: High 8 Y
383.93(b)(4) No hazardous materials endorsement on CDL License-related: High 8 Y
383.93(b)(5) No school bus endorsement on CDL License-related: High 8 Y
383.93B5LCDL License (CDL) - Operating a school bus without a school bus endorsement as described in 383.93(b)(5) License-related: High 8 Y
383.95(a) Violating airbrake restriction License-related: High 8 Y
386.72(b) Failing to comply with Imminent Hazard OOS Order Fitness/ Jumping OOS 10 Y
391.11 Unqualified driver License-related: High 8 Y
391.11(b)(1) Interstate driver under 21 years of age General Driver Qualification 4 Y
391.11(b)(2) Non-English speaking driver General Driver Qualification 4 Y
391.11B2S Driver must be able to understand highway traffic signs and signals in the English language General Driver Qualification 4 Y
391.11(b)(4) Driver lacking physical qualification(s) Physical 2 Y
391.11(b)(5) Driver lacking valid license for type vehicle being operated License-related: High 8 Y
391.11B5-DEN Driver operating a CMV without proper endorsements or in violation of restrictions. License-related: High 8 Y
391.11B5-DNL Driver does not have a valid operator's license for the CMV being operated. License-related: High 8 Y
391.11(b)(7) Driver disqualified from operating CMV License-related: High 8 Y
391.15(a) Driving a CMV while disqualified License-related: High 8 Y
391.15A-NSIN Driving a CMV while disqualified. Suspended for non-safety-related reason and in the state of driver's license issuance. License-related: Medium 5 Y
391.15A-NSOUT Driving a CMV while disqualified. Suspended for a non-safety-related reason and outside the state of driver's license issuance. License-related: Low 1 Y
391.15A-SIN Driving a CMV while disqualified. Suspended for safety-related or unknown reason and in the state of driver’s license issuance. License-related: High 8 Y
391.15A-SOUT Driving a CMV while disqualified. Suspended for a safety-related or unknown reason and outside the driver's license state of issuance. License-related: Medium 5 Y

391.41(a) Driver not in possession of medical certificate Medical Certificate 1 Y
391.41A-F Operating a property-carrying vehicle without possessing a valid medical certificate. Medical Certificate 1 Y
391.41A-FPC Operating a property-carrying vehicle without possessing a valid medical certificate. Previously Cited Medical Certificate 1 Y
391.41A-P Operating a passenger-carrying vehicle without possessing a valid medical certificate. Medical Certificate 1 Y
391.43(h) Improper medical examiner’s certificate form Medical Certificate 1 Y Y
391.45(b) Expired medical examiner's certificate Medical Certificate 1 Y
391.49(j) No valid medical waiver in driver's possession Medical Certificate 1 Y
398.3(b) Driver not physically qualified Physical 2 Y
398.3(b)(8) No doctor's certificate in possession Medical Certificate 1 Y

8 Violation severity weights reflect the relative importance of each violation within each BASIC. These weights cannot be compared or added meaningfully across the BASICs.

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