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FMCSA CSA Vehicle Maintenance/Cargo Securement Violation Severity Chart

Controlled Substance Alcohol Driver Fitness Unsafe Driving Hazmat Compliance Fatigued Driving
CSMS Vehicle Maintenance BASIC Violations

Section Violation Description Shown on Driver/Vehicle Examination Report Given to CMV Driver after Roadside Inspection Violation Group Description Violation Severity Weight11 Violation in the DSMS (Y/N)
385.103(c) Fail to display current CVSA decal - Provisional Authority Inspection Reports 4 N
392.2WC Wheel (Mud) Flaps missing or defective Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
392.7 No pre-trip inspection Inspection Reports 4 Y
392.7(a) Driver failing to conduct pre-trip inspection Inspection Reports 4 Y
392.7(b) Driver failing to conduct a pre-trip inspection of intermodal equipment Inspection Reports 4 Y
392.8 Failing to inspect/use emergency equipment Emergency Equipment 2 Y
392.9 Failing to secure load General Securement 1 Y
392.9(a) Failing to secure load General Securement 1 Y
392.9(a)(1) Failing to secure cargo General Securement 1 Y
392.9(a)(2) Failing to secure vehicle equipment General Securement 1 Y
392.9(a)(3) Driver's view/movement is obstructed General Securement 1 Y
392.22(b) Failing/improper placement of warning devices Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
392.33 Operating CMV with lamps/reflectors obscured Lighting 6 Y
392.62(c)(1) Bus - baggage/freight restricts driver operation General Securement 1 Y
392.62(c)(2) Bus - Exit(s) obstructed by baggage/freight General Securement 1 Y
392.62(c)(3) Passengers not protected from falling baggage General Securement 1 Y
392.63 Pushing/towing a loaded bus Towing Loaded Bus 10 Y
393.9 Inoperative required lamps Clearance Identification Lamps/Other 2 Y

393.9H Inoperative head lamps Lighting 6 Y
393.9T Inoperative tail lamp Lighting 6 Y
393.9TS Inoperative turn signal Lighting 6 Y
393.9(a) Inoperative required lamps Clearance Identification Lamps/Other 2 Y
393.11 No/defective lighting devices/reflective devices/projected Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.11LR Lower retroreflective sheeting/reflex reflectors - Trailer manufactured on or after 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.11N No retroreflective sheeting/reflex reflectors - Trailer manufactured on or after 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.11RT Retroreflective sheeting not affixed as required - Trailer manufactured on or after 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.11S No side retroreflective sheeting/reflex reflectors - Trailer manufactured on or after 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.11TL No retro reflective sheeting or reflex reflectors on mud flaps - Truck Tractor manufactured on or after 7/1/1997 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.11TT No retroreflective sheeting/reflex reflectors - Truck Tractor manufactured on or after 7/1/1997 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.11TU No upper body corners retroreflective sheeting/reflex reflectors - Truck Tractor manufactured on or after 7/1/1997 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.11UR No upper reflex reflectors retroreflective sheeting/reflex reflectors - Trailer manufactured on or after 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.13(a) Retroreflective tape not affixed as required for Trailers manufactured after 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.13(b) No retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material as required for vehicles manufactured on or after 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.13(c)(1) No side retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material as required for vehicles manufactored manufactured before 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.13(c)(2) No lower rear retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material as required for vehicles manufactured before 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.13(c)(3) No upper rear retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material as required for vehicles manufactured before 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.13(d)(1) Improper side placement of retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material as required for vehicles manufactured on or after 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.13(d)(2) ImImproper lower rear placement of retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material requirements for vehicles manufactured before 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting font> 3 Y
393.13(d)(3) Upper rear retroreflective sheeting or reflex reflective material as required for vehicles manufactured on or after 12/1/1993 Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.17 No/defective lamp/reflector-tow-away operation Lighting 6 Y
393.17(a) No/defective lamps-towing unit-tow-away operation Lighting 6 Y
393.17(b) No/defective tow-away lamps on rear unit Lighting 6 Y
393.19 Inoperative/defective hazard warning lamp Lighting 6 Y
393.23 Required lamp not powered by vehicle electricity Clearance Identification Lamps/Other 2 Y
393.24(a) Noncompliance with headlamp requirements Lighting 6 Y
393.24(b) Noncompliant fog/driving lamps Lighting 6 Y
393.24BR Noncompliant fog or driving lamps Lighting 6 Y
393.24(c) Improper headlamp mounting Lighting 6 N
393.24(d) Improper head / auxiliary / fog lamp aiming Lighting 6 N
393.25(a) Improper lamp mounting Lighting 6 N
393.25(b) Lamps are not visible as required Lighting 6 Y
393.25(e) Lamp not steady burning Lighting 6 Y
393.25(f) Stop lamp violations Lighting 6 Y
393.26 Requirements for reflectors Reflective Sheeting 3 Y
393.28 Improper or no wiring protection as required Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
393.30 Improper battery installation Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
393.40 Inadequate brake system on a CMV Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.41 No or defective parking brake system on CMV Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.42 No brakes as required Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.42A-BM Brake - Missing required brake. Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.42A-BMAW Brake - All wheels not equipped with brakes as required. Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.42A-BM-TSA Brake - Missing on a trailer steering axle. Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.43 No/improper breakaway or emergency braking Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.43(a) No/improper tractor protection valve Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.43(d) No or defective automatic trailer brake Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.44 No/defective bus front brake line protection Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.45 Brake tubing and hose adequacy Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.45PC Brake Tubing and Hose Adequacy - Connections to Power Unit Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.45UV Brake Tubing and Hose Adequacy Under Vehicle Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.45(a)(4) Failing to secure brake hose/tubing against mechanical damage Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.45(b)(2) Failing to secure brake hose/tubing against mechanical damage Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.45B2PC Brake Hose or Tubing Chafing and/or Kinking - Connection to Power Unit Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.45B2UV Brake Hose or Tubing Chafing and/or Kinking Under Vehicle Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.45(b)(3) Failing to secure brake hose/tubing against high temperatures Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.45(d) Brake connections with leaks/constrictions Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.45DCPC Brake Connections with Constrictions - Connection to Power Unit Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.45DCUV Brake Connections with Constrictions Under Vehicle Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.45DLPC Brake Connections with Leaks - Connection to Power Unit Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.45DLUV Brake Connections with Leaks Under Vehicle Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.47 Inadequate/contaminated brake linings Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.47(a) Inadequate brakes for safe stopping Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.47(b) Mismatched brake chambers on same axle Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.47(c) Mismatched slack adjuster effective length Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.47(d) Insufficient brake linings Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.47(e) Clamp/Roto-Chamber type brake(s) out of adjustment Brakes Out of Adjustment 4 Y
393.47(f) Wedge type brake(s) out of adjustment Brakes Out of Adjustment 4 Y
393.47(g) Insufficient drum/rotor thickness Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.48(a) Inoperative/defective brakes Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.48A-BCM Brakes - Hydraulic Brake Caliper movement exceeds 1/8" (0.125") (3.175 mm) Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.48A-BMBC Brakes - Missing or Broken Components Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.48A-BRMMC Brakes - Rotor (disc) metal-to-metal contact Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.48A-BSRFS Brakes - Severe rusting of brake rotor (disc) Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.48(b)(1) Defective brake limiting device Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.50 Inadequate reservoir for air/vacuum brakes Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.50(a) Failing to have sufficient air/vacuum reserve Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.50(b) Failing to equip vehicle - prevent reservoir air/vacuum leak Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.50(c) No means to ensure operable check valve Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.50(d) No or defective air reservoir drain valve Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.51 No or defective brake warning device Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.52(a)(1) Insufficient braking force as percent of GVW or GCW Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.53(a) Automatic brake adjuster CMV manufactured on or after 10/20/1993 - hydraulic brake Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.53(b) Automatic brake adjuster CMV manufactured on or after 10/20/1994 - air brake Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.53(c) Brake adjustment indicator CMV manufactured on or after 10/20/1994 - external automatic adjustment Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.55(a) ABS - all CMVs manufactured on or after 3/1/1999 with hydraulic brakes Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.55(b) ABS - malfunction indicators for hydraulic brake system Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.55(c)(1) ABS - all tractors manufactured on or after 3/1/1997 air brake system Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.55(c)(2) ABABS - all other CMVs manufactured on or after 3/1/1998 air brake system Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.55(d)(1) ABS - malfunctioning circuit/signal - truck tractor manufactured on or after 3/1/1997, single-unit CMV manufactured on or after 3/1/1998 Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.55(d)(2) ABS - malfunctioning indicator to cab of towing CMV manufactured on or after 3/1/2001 Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.55(d)(3) No or Defective ABS Malfunction Indicator for towed vehicles on vehicles manufactured after February 2001 Brakes, All Others 4 N
393.55(e) ABS - malfunctioning lamps towed CMV manufactured on or after 3/1/1998, manufactured before 3/1/2009 Brakes, All Others 4 Y
393.60EWS Windshield - Obstructed Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.60(b) Windshields required Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.60(c) Damaged or discolored windshield Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.60(d) Glazing permits less than 70 percent of light Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.61 Inadequate or missing truck side windows Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.61(a) Inadequate or missing truck side windows Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.61(b)(2) Emergency exit window handle broken Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.62(a) No or defective bus emergency exits - Bus manufactured on or after 9/1/1994 Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.62(b) No or defective bus emergency exits - Bus manufactured on or after 9/1/1973 but before 9/1/1994 Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.62(c) No or defective bus emergency exit windows - Bus manufactured before 9/1/1973 Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.62(d) No / defective Safety glass/push-out window - Bus manufactured before 9/1/1973 Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.62(e) No or inadequate bus emergency exit marking - Bus manufactured on or after 9/1/1973 Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.65 Fuel system requirements Fuel Systems 1 N
393.65(b) Improper location of fuel system Fuel Systems 1 Y
393.65(c) Improper securement of fuel tank Fuel Systems 1 Y
393.65(f) Improper fuel line protection Fuel Systems 1 Y
393.67 Fuel tank requirement violations Fuel Systems 1 N
393.67(c)(7) Fuel tank fill pipe cap missing Fuel Systems 1 Y
393.67(c)(8) Improper fuel tank safety vent Fuel Systems 1 N
393.68 Compressed natural gas (CNG) fuel container does not conform to regulations Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
393.70 Fifth wheel Coupling Devices 3 N
393.70(a) Defective coupling device — improper tracking Coupling Devices 3 N
393.70(b) Defective/improper fifth wheel assemblies Coupling Devices 3 Y
393.70B1II Defective / Improper fifth wheel assembly upper half Coupling Devices 3 Y
393.70(b)(2) Defective fifth wheel locking mechanism Coupling Devices 3 Y
393.70(c) Defective coupling devices for full trailer Coupling Devices 3 Y
393.70(d) No/improper safety chains/cables for full trailer Coupling Devices 3 Y
393.70(d)(8) Improper safety chain attachment Coupling Devices 3 Y
393.71 Improper coupling driveaway/tow-away operation Coupling Devices 3 Y
393.71(g) Prohibited towing connection / device Coupling Devices 3 Y
393.71(h) Towbar requirement violations Coupling Devices 3 Y
393.71(h)(10) No/improper safety chains/cables for towbar Coupling Devices 3 Y
393.75 Tires/tubes (general) Tires 8 Y
393.75(a) Flat tire or fabric exposed Tires 8 Y
393.75(a)(1) Tire — ply or belt material exposed Tires 8 Y
393.75(a)(2) Tire — tread and/or sidewall separation Tires 8 Y
393.75(a)(3) Tire — flat and/or audible air leak Tires 8 Y
393.75(a)(4) Tire — cut exposing ply and/or belt material Tires 8 Y
393.75(b) Tire — front tread depth less than 4/32 of inch Tires 8 Y
393.75(c) Tire — other tread depth less than 2/32 of inch Tires 8 Y
393.75(d) Tire — bus regrooved/recap on front wheel Tires 8 Y
393.75(e) Tire — regrooved on front wheel of truck/truck-tractor Tire vs. Load 3 Y
393.75(f) Tire — load weight rating/under inflated Tire vs. Load 3 Y
393.75(f)(1) Weight carried exceeds tire load limit Tire vs. Load 3 Y
393.75(f)(2) Tire underinflated Tire vs. Load 3 Y
393.75(h) Tire underinflated Tire vs. Load 3 Y
393.76 Sleeper berth requirement violations Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
393.77 Defective and/or prohibited heaters Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
393.77(b)(11) Bus heater fuel tank location Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
393.77(b)(5) Protection of operating controls from tampering Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
393.78 Windshield wipers inoperative/defective Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.79 Defroster / Defogger inoperative Windshield/ Glass/ Markings 1 Y
393.80 Failing to equip vehicle with two rear vision mirrors Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
393.81 Horn inoperative Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
393.82 Speedometer inoperative / inadequate Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
393.83(a) Exhaust system location Exhaust Discharge 1 Y
393.83(b) Exhaust discharge fuel tank/filler tube Exhaust Discharge 1 Y
393.83(c) Improper exhaust - bus (gasoline) Exhaust Discharge 1 Y
393.83(d) Improper exhaust - bus (diesel) Exhaust Discharge 1 Y
393.83(e) Improper exhaust discharge (not rear of cab) Exhaust Discharge 1 Y
393.83(f) Improper exhaust system repair (patch/wrap) Exhaust Discharge 1 Y
393.83(g) Exhaust leak under truck cab and/or sleeper Exhaust Discharge 1 Y
393.83(h) Exhaust system not securely fastened Exhaust Discharge 1 Y
393.84 Inadequate floor condition Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.86 No or improper rearend protection Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.86(a)(1) Rear impact guards - all trailers/semitrailers manufactured on or after 1/26/98 Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
393.86(a)(2) Impact guard width - all trailers/semitrailers manufactured on or after 1/26/98 Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
393.86(a)(3) Impact guard height - all trailers/semitrailers manufactured on or after 1/26/98 Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
393.86(a)(4) Impact guard rear - all trailers/semitrailers manufactured on or after 1/26/98 Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
393.86(a)(5) Cross-sectional vertical height - all trailers/semitrailers manufactured on or after 1/26/98 Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
393.86(b)(1) Rear Impact Guards - motor vehicles manufactured after 12/31/52, see exceptions Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.87 Warning flag required on projecting load Warning Flags 1 Y
393.87(a) Warning flag required on projecting load Warning Flags 1 Y
393.87(b) Improper warning flag placement Warning Flags 1 Y
393.88 Improperly located television receiver Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.89 Bus driveshaft not properly protected Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.90 Bus - no or obscure standee line Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.91 Bus - improper aisle seats Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.93(a) Bus - not equipped with seatbelt Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.93(a)(3) Seats not secured in conformance with FMVSS Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
393.93(b) Truck not equipped with seatbelt Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.95(a) No/discharged/unsecured fire extinguisher Emergency Equipment 2 Y
393.95(a)(1)(i) No/discharged/unsecured fire extinguisher Emergency Equipment 2 Y
393.95(b) No spare fuses as required Emergency Equipment 2 Y
393.95(c) No spare fuses as required Emergency Equipment 2 Y
393.95(f) No / insufficient warning devices Emergency Equipment 2 Y
393.95(g) HM - restricted emergency warning device Emergency Equipment 2 Y
393.100 Failure to prevent cargo shifting General Securement 1 Y
393.100(a) Failure to prevent cargo shifting General Securement 1 Y
393.100(b) Leaking/spilling/blowing/falling cargo Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.100(c) Failure to prevent cargo shifting General Securement 1 Y
393.102(a) Improper securement system (tiedown assemblies) Tiedown 3 Y
393.102(a)(1) Insufficient means to prevent forward movement Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.102(a)(1)(i) Insufficient means to prevent forward movement Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.102(a)(1)(ii) Insufficient means to prevent rearward movement Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.102(a)(1)(iii) Insufficient means to prevent lateral movement Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.102(a)(2) Tiedown assembly with inadequate working load limit Tiedown 3 Y
393.102(a)(3) Insufficient means to prevent lateral movement Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.102(b) Insufficient means to prevent vertical movement Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.102(c) No equivalent means of securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.104(a) InInadequate/damaged securement device/system Securement Device 1 Y
393.104(b) Damaged securement system/tiedowns Securement Device 1 Y
393.104(c) Damaged vehicle structures/anchor points Securement Device 1 Y
393.104(d) Damaged dunnage/bars/blocking-bracing Securement Device 1 Y
393.104(f)(1) Knotted tiedown Tiedown 3 Y
393.104(f)(2) Use of tiedown with improper repair. Tiedown 3 Y
393.104(f)(3) Loose/unfastened tiedown. Tiedown 3 Y
393.104(f)(4) No edge protection for tiedowns Tiedown 3 Y
393.104F4R No edge protection for tiedowns Tiedown 3 Y
393.104(f)(5) No edge protection for tiedowns Tiedown 3 Y
393.106(a) No/improper front end structure/headerboard Securement Device 1 Y
393.106(b) Cargo not immobilized or secured Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.106(c)(1) No means to prevent cargo from rolling Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.106(c)(2) Cargo without direct contact/prevention from shifting Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.106(d) Insufficient aggregate working load limit Tiedown 3 Y
393.110 Failing to meet minimum tiedown requirements General Securement 1 Y
393.110(b) Insufficient tiedowns; without headerboard/blocking Tiedown 3 Y
393.110(c) Insufficient tiedowns; with headerboard/blocking Tiedown 3 Y
393.110(d) Large/odd-shaped cargo not adequately secured Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.112 Tiedown not adjustable by driver Securement Device 1 Y
393.114 No/improper front end structure General Securement 1 Y

393.114(b)(1) Insufficient height for front-end structure Securement Device 1 Y
393.114(b)(2) Insufficient width for front-end structure Securement Device 1 Y
393.114(d) Front-end structure with large opening(s) Securement Device 1 Y
393.116 No/improper securement of logs General Securement 1 Y
393.116(d)(1) Short, over 1/3 length past structure Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.116(d)(2) Short, insufficient/no tiedowns Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.116(d)(3) Short, tiedowns improperly positioned Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.116(d)(4) Short, no center stakes/high log not secured Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.116(e) Short, length; improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.118 No/improper lumber/building materials. securement General Securement 1 Y
393.118(b) Improper placement of bundles Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.118(d) Insufficient protection against lateral movement Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.118(d)(3) Insufficient/improper arrangement of tiedowns Tiedown 3 Y
393.120 No/improper securement of metal coils General Securement 1 Y
393.120(b)(1) Coil/vertical improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.120(b)(2) Coils, rows, eyes vertical - improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
39393.120(c)(1) Coil/eye crosswise improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.120(c)(2) X-pattern on coil(s) with eyes crosswise Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.120(d)(1) Coil with eye lengthwise-improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.120(d)(4) Coils, rows, eyes length - improper securement. Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.120(e) No protection against shifting/tipping Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.122 No/improper securement of paper rolls General Securement 1 Y
393.122(b) Rolls vertical - improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.122(c) Rolls vertical /split - improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.122(d) Rolls vertical /stacked - improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.122(e) Rolls crosswise - improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.122(f) Rolls crosswise/stacked load - improperly secured Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.122(g) Rolls length - improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.122(h) Rolls lengthwise/stacked - improper securement Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.122(i) Improper securement - rolls on flatbed/curtain-sided vehicle Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.124 No/improper securement of concrete pipe General Securement 1 Y
393.124(b) Insufficient working load limit - concrete pipes Tiedown 3 Y
393.124(c) Improper blocking of concrete pipe Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.124(d) Improper arrangement of concrete pipe Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.124(e) Improper securement, up to 45 in. diameter Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.124(f) Improper securement, greater than 45 inch diameter Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.126 Fail to ensure intermodal container secured General Securement 1 Y
393.126(b) Damaged/missing tiedown/securement device Securement Device 1 Y
393.126(c)(1) Lower corners of container not on vehicle/structure Securement Device 1 Y
393.126(c)(2) All corners of chassis not secured Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.126(c)(3) Front and rear of container not secured independently Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.126(d)(1) Empty container not properly positioned Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.126(d)(2) Empty container, more than 5 foot overhang Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.126(d)(4) Empty container - not properly secured Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.128 No/improper securement of vehicles General Securement 1 Y
393.128(b)(1) Vehicle not secured - front and rear Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.128(b)(2) Tiedown(s) not affixed to mounting points. Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.128(b)(3) Tiedown(s) not over/around wheels. Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.130 No/improper heavy vehicle/machinery securement General Securement 1 Y
393.130(b) Item not properly prepared for transport Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.130(c) ImImproper restraint/securement of item Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.132 No/improper securement of crushed vehicles General Securement 1 Y
393.132(b) Prohibited use of synthetic webbing. Securement Device 1 Y
393.132(c) Insufficient tiedowns per stack cars Tiedown 3 Y
393.132(c)(5) Insufficient means to retain loose parts Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.134 No/improper securement of roll/hook container General Securement 1 Y
393.134(b)(1) No blocking against forward movement Failure to Prevent Movement 3 Y
393.134(b)(2) Container not secured to front of vehicle Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.134(b)(3) Rear of container not properly secured Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.136 No/improper securement of large boulders General Securement 1 Y
393.136(b) Improper placement/positioning of boulder Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.136(c)(1) Boulder not secured with chain Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.136(d) Improper securement - cubic boulder Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.136(e) Improper securement - non-cubic boulder with stable base Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.136(f) Improper securement - non-cubic boulder with unstable base Improper Load Securement 7 Y
393.201(a) Frame cracked / loose / sagging / broken Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.201(b) Bolts securing cab broken/loose/missing Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
393.201(c) Frame rail flange improperly bent/cut/notched Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
393.201(d) Frame accessories improperly attached Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
393.201(e) Prohibited holes drilled in frame rail flange Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
393.203 Cab/body parts requirements violations Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.203(a) Cab door missing/broken Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.203(b) Cab/body improperly secured to frame Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.203(c) Hood not securely fastened Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.203(d) Cab seats not securely mounted Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.203(e) Cab front bumper missing/ unsecured/protruding Cab, Body, Frame 2 Y
393.205(a) Wheel/rim cracked or broken Wheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc. 2 Y
393.205(b) Stud/bolt holes elongated on wheels Wheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc. 2 Y
393.205(c) Wheel fasteners loose and/or missing Wheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc. 2 Y
393.207(a) Axle positioning parts defective/missing Suspension 7 Y
393.207(b) Adjustable axle locking pin missing/disengaged Suspension 7 Y
393.207(c) Leaf spring assembly defective/missing Suspension 7 Y
393.207(d) Coil spring cracked and/or broken Suspension 7 Y
393.207(e) Torsion bar cracked and/or broken Suspension 7 Y
393.207(f) Air suspension pressure loss Suspension 7 Y
393.207(g) No/defective air suspension exhaust control Suspension 7 N
393.209(a) Steering wheel not secured/broken Steering Mechanism 6 Y
393.209(b) Excessive steering wheel lash Steering Mechanism 6 Y
393.209(c) Loose steering column Steering Mechanism 6 Y
393.209(d) Steering system components worn/welded/missing Steering Mechanism 6 Y
393.209(e) Power steering violations Steering Mechanism 6 Y
396.1 Must have knowledge of and comply with regulations Inspection Reports 4 Y
396.3(a)(1) Inspection/repair and maintenance parts and accessories Wheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc. 2 Y
396.3A1B Brakes (general) Brakes, All Others 4 Y
396.3A1BA Brake out of adjustment Brakes Out of Adjustment 4 N
396.3A1BC Brake-air compressor violation Brakes, All Others 4 N
396.3A1BD Brake-defective brake drum Brakes, All Others 4 N
396.3A1BL Brake-reserve system pressure loss Brakes, All Others 4 N
396.3A1T Tires (general) Tires 8 Y
396.5 Excessive oil leaks Other Vehicle Defect 3 N
396.5(a) Failing to ensure that vehicle is properly lubricated Other Vehicle Defect 3 N
396.5A-HNLIW Hubs - No visible or measurable lubricant showing in the hub - inner wheel Wheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc. 2 N
396.5A-HNLOW Hubs - No visible or measurable lubricant showing in the hub - outer wheel Wheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc. 2 Y
396.5(b) Oil and/or grease leak Other Vehicle Defect 3 N
396.5B-HLIW Hubs - Oil and/or Grease Leaking from hub - inner wheel Wheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc. 2 N
396.5B-HLOW Hubs - oil and/or Grease Leaking from hub - outer wheel Wheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc. 2 Y
396.5B-HWSLIW Hubs - Wheel seal leaking - inner wheel Wheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc. 2 N
396.5B-HWSLOW Hubs - Wheel seal leaking - outer wheel Wheels, Studs, Clamps, Etc. 2 Y
396.7 Unsafe operations forbidden Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
396.9(c)(2) Operating an OOS vehicle Vehicle Jumping OOS 10 Y
396.9(d)(2) Failure to correct defects noted on inspection report Inspection Reports 4 N
396.11 No or inadequate driver vehicle inspection report Inspection Reports 4 Y
39396.13(c) No reviewing driver's signature on Driver Vehicle Inspection Report (DVIR) Inspection Reports 4 Y
396.17(c) Operating a CMV without periodic inspection Inspection Reports 4 N
398.5 Parts/access - migrant workers Other Vehicle Defect 3 Y
398.7 Inspect/maintain motor vehicle - migrant workers Inspection Reports 4 N
399.207 Vehicle access requirements violations Cab, Body, Frame 2 N
399.211 Inadequate maintenance of driver access Cab, Body, Frame 2 N

10 Violation severity weights reflect the relative importance of each violation within each BASIC. These weights cannot be compared or added meaningfully across the BASICs.

11 In cases where a violation results in an Out-of-Service Order as defined in 49 CFR 390.5, an additional weight of 2 is added to arrive at a total severity weight for the violation.

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